Your Local Dentist in Long Island and Tooth Prevention
There are many things your local dentist in Long Island can help with. One of the most important things is prevention. However, your dentist cannot do it all alone. They will stress how vital daily oral hygiene and regular visits are. The article will give you some insight on different oral issues that arise if preventative measures aren’t taken.
Caries (Tooth Decay)
Caries is caused by bacterial plaque on the tooth surface. Plaque formation is transported by sugars and acids contained in food, as they provide an ideal breeding ground for bacterial growth. The bacteria breaks down the sugar forming acid from which the enamel becomes decalcified. The tooth becomes brittle and soft, finally forming a defect in the enamel surface, the typical “cavity”. The defects must be taken care of by the dentist before it progresses. The destructive process can penetrate further into the dental pulp if actions aren’t taken. As a result, tooth loss may even occur.
Gum inflammation (gingivitis)
Gingivitis is an inflammatory change of the gums caused by bacterial plaque on and in between the teeth. These deposits form due to inadequate dental hygiene, the gums are red, swollen, sensitive to pain and may even start to bleed. If left untreated, gingivitis often turns into periodontitis, a more extensive inflammatory disease of the tooth-supporting tissues. Prevention can only be achieved through regular, thorough brushing of your teeth and regular dental visits and prophylaxis appointments.
Periodontal disease (periodontitis)
If gum disease (gingivitis) is left untreated, an inflammation of the periodontium occurs, otherwise known as periodontitis. This inflammation of the jaw bone fibers, if left untreated, leads to long-term bone loss that may result in tooth loss. Again, prevention is a must, usually through thorough dental care using dental floss and regular visits to your Dentist in Long Island.
Bruxism and stress
Grinding and clenching of the teeth (bruxism) is often due to stress. But even malfunctions of the temporomandibular joint, faulty contact between the teeth and bad dentures can cause bruxism. This can lead to a massive over and improper loading of the surrounding anatomical structures, which in turn causes varied complaints in the head, shoulder and neck area. For effective prevention, diagnosis and treatment, the dentist and patient must maintain a good rapport.