Cavity Care Through Your Local Dental Group in Hawaii
As cavities are a precursor form of decalcification, they are often seen as white spots. Through fluoridation, the dental cavity, which is limited only to the enamel, can be remineralized. If incipient cavities are unsuccessfully remineralized, as long as the enamel is affected, it will penetrate into the dentin. This can lead to tooth pain. Dentin is much softer than enamel, thus the decay spreads beneath the enamel-dentin border faster. A deep dental cavity occurs when the carious lesion has already destroyed most of the dentin toward dental pulp. It’s vital you seek oral care from your local Dental Group in Hawaii at this point.
Causes of tooth decay
Tooth decay is a carbohydrate-modified infectious disease, which means that a transfer of streptococci must first take place in the mouth. People suffer from tooth decay when there are problems with mineral quality, saliva, plaque, and over-indulgence of sugary, sweetened foods. Secondary factors such as tooth malformations, misaligned teeth, genetic factors and many others may also cause decay. Consequences of decay consist of pulp inflammation, apical periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontal apparatus at the root tip), abscesses and osteomyelitis.
Prevention of dental decay
Decay prevention starts with hygiene and a restriction of sugar intake. This results in a change in the oral flora, preventing cariogenic plaque. Fluoride promotes remineralization, hardens the top layer of enamel and inhibits bacterial growth. Regular checks at the dentist, including regular dental cleaning, are good options to protect against tooth decay.
A good way to prevent the development of decay is by using fluoride. As a prevention for all population groups, the fluoridation of drinking water has been discussed in the past. Due to different habits, there are concerns of this because of possible overdose and side effects. The addition of fluoride in table salt is applied as well.
Decalcification is a precursor of decay, which can be prevented with fluoride. Decay with a cavity is accompanied by a hole, which means the affected tooth structure should be removed and the tooth supplied with composite or ceramic fillings. If there is severe destruction of the tooth, only a crowning or complete removal can solve the issue. It is recommended to see the dentist several times a year once you are diagnosed with decay. Contact your local dental group Hawaii for more information.